Chandrayaan-2 Launch: Everything You need to know

Indian citizens are proud after the announcement of Chandrayaan-2 Launch. There is a fervor of patriotism due to the launch but it saddened the entire country when the news broke out about the cancellation of the launch on July 15. The new launch is scheduled for today, July 22, at 2:43 p.m.  Indian Space Research Organisation, or ISRO, will launch the second mission to Moon with the lift-off beginning at 2.43pm IST. Reports claim that the July 15 mission was aborted as the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-Mark III (GSLV-Mk III) rocket witnessed lack of pressure in its helium tanks. This mission’s main agenda is to explore the Moon’s south polar region. If successful, India will the first nation in the entire world to have done this.

Chandrayaan-2 Launch: Everything You need to know

The mission, which is the country’s second lunar exploration mission, has a budget of Rs 978 crore. After the glitch was corrected, the new launch date was announced. The main objective of the Chandrayaan-2 is to explore the Moon’s south polar region. It will take a week, or 7 days, to make the journey from Earth’s orbit to Moon. It will be in the Lunar orbit for 13 days. The Lander module is to be separated from the Orbiter on the 43rd Day, or September 2. If all goes well, the Chandrayaan-2 should land on the Moon on September 6.

The Chandrayaan-2 Launch

The Chandrayaan-2 will launch aboard the GSLV Mk-III rocket today at 2.43 p.m. IST. It will be launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, or SDSC, in Sriharikota, 100km from Chennai. It will be an unmanned mission which will consist of a Pragyan Rover. The Rover can travel up to 500m, which will use Solar Energy for smooth functioning. Due to technological limitations, it can only communicate with the Lander.

ISRO gave a brief on the mission’s prime objective, “Evidence for water molecules discovered by Chandrayaan-1, requires further studies on the extent of water molecule distribution on the surface, below the surface and in the tenuous lunar exosphere to address the origin of water on Moon. The lunar South Pole is especially interesting because of the lunar surface area here that remains in shadow are much larger than that at the North Pole. There is a possibility of the presence of water in permanently shadowed areas around it. In addition, the South Pole region has craters that are cold traps and contain a fossil record of the early Solar System.”

The orbiter’s life span is 1 year. The mission will take 1 lunar day, which is equivalent to Earth’s 14 days. The mission’s success will make India the fourth country ever to soft-land on the lunar surface.

Watch the Chandrayaan-2 Launch

SDSC Centre in Sriharikota has closed the registrations to watch the launch from their viewer’s gallery. So, your only option is to watch it online. Over 7,500 people have registered online with ISRO to watch the mission online. You too can watch it online. ISRO will stream the live event on its Facebook & Twitter pages. In addition, Doordarshan will also stream the live event on its YouTube channel. The live streaming will begin at 2:10 p.m.

ISRO is updating citizens about the upcoming launch on Twitter.

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