All What You Should Know About SSL Certificates

SSL certificate would be one of the most heard terms when you discuss or plan to create a website. This is very much required for any business website that handles sensitive customer data. It makes your site more secure. Learning more about it may sound like learning a different language for a non-techie person. But this is not that complicated as you may think. Here is all that you should know about having  SSL certificates for your website:

What is SSL Certificate?

Have you noticed that http:// or https://  that come prefixed any link address in your browser? The ones with https:// must be the websites which handle sensitive data. The standard technology that empowers that extra ‘s’ is SSL, which means Secure Sockets Layer. This technology is supposed to establish an encrypted link between a web server and browser. Thereby enables all data transferred between the web server and browser secure and private.

All What You Should Know About SSL Certificates

Confused what the difference between these both are? Well, those websites with http:// shows that the site is not encrypted which means it is vulnerable to third party attack. Such sites may also give access for hackers to inject malware or ads. And those with https:// are encrypted with SSL certificate which ensures complete security for all transmitted data within that website.

All What You Should Know About SSL Certificates

What are the benefits?

The SSL protocol, originally developed by Netscape, ensures that any data passed between the user and server remains encrypted or decrypted, so as to keep it safe from any third party access. Other benefits include:

  • Keeps from hacking
  • No unauthorized person can spy on you
  • Restricts cyber criminals from redirecting visitors to their site
  • Ensure complete data security
  • Enables encryption
  • Ensures privacy and integrity of the data exchanged

How does it function?

All What You Should Know About SSL Certificates

Image Source

It can be said to a digital passport, in which it verifies both the credentials of yours and the web server. Once the identities are verified a secure connection is granted through https. The process performed is using certificates, which holds the key aspects such as owner’s name, the serial number of the certificate used for identification, and the certificate’s expiration date, and the public key used to encrypt/decrypt information. All these are between the remote computer and the server alone. Therefore, you don’t have to worry about processing all the above mentioned. In short, this SSL certificate gives your customers an extra level of trust with whom they are doing business with and vice versa. They can be 100% assured of the security of their sensitive data transferred through your websites.

How is secure connection enabled through SSL certificate?

Usually, we give handshake when we meet someone or get introduced to someone. The same procedure happens here too. When a website that is secured by SSL attempts to open in a browser, a process named SSL Handshake takes place. No need to worry that you haven’t seen anything as such. It is an instantaneous procedure which is invisible to the users.

To set up an SSL connection, 3 keys are used:

  • The Public Key
  • The Private Key
  • The Session Key

Anything encrypted with the Public Key can only be decrypted by Private Key and the other way round. These are only used to create a Session Key during this SSL handshake. The Session Key is used to encrypt all transferred data once the secure connection is made. 

Why should I need an SSL Certificate?

For bank transfer, online purchase, register for an offer or so, highly sensitive personal data is being entered or handled over the internet. As mentioned, at this time when hackers are getting smarter, credibility is a primary concern for any matter transferred over the web. People these days mainly prefer to do business with those who assure complete security for their private data. With this reason, websites like Amazon are getting more customers. Do you know how your vital data is being spied over? Often, the hackers creep in placing an undetectable listening program on the server of the hosting website. Once the users start typing their information on the site, the program automatically captures the info and passes it on to the hacker.

To give your customers that yours is a trusted website, it should hold that https:// or SSL certificate. In case, your site manages personal information for transactions or the related dealings; an SSL certificate is mandatory. Visit the website encrypted with SSL, forms a connection with the web server. This connection is so secure that no one could access any of the information you enter in your browser.

Worried if it would affect your SEO rankings?

Be assured, SSL is now part of Google’s search engine algorithms. Keep your websites secure as well as, top ranked.

How to get SSL certificate for your website

Obtaining an SSL certificate depends on your particular need. First of all, you need to figure out the domains, including blogs, main internet sites, or so on, which you need to secure with the certificate. You can purchase the type of license based on the configuration of each domain. Besides, many of your prime consideration might be the validity of the certification. Most official certificates come with 1 to 2 years validity by default. If you need a longer period of validity, check for more advanced options. Extended validation is available with providers like GeoTrust.

How to setup an SSL certificate

To setup an SSL certificate, you need to generate CSR (Certificate Signing Request) on your web server. If you have administrative privileges on your web server, you may be able to carry out the task by self. However, seeking your web host’s support is much recommended, as they would know how to do it without any harm and makes your job much easier. As soon as your CSR is generated, you may contact any reliable SSL certificate providers for further procedures.

Then, why the wait? Show up that you are trustworthy! Whether yours is an eCommerce website or any other which needs encryption, get one for yours at the earliest. Let your customers know that you value their security. There are numerous digital certificate providers such as GeoTrust, are reliable sources to obtain the SSL certificate for your websites, and that too, which are cost-effective.

Like this post? If yes, then don’t forget to share it with your friends on Facebook, Twitter, and Google Plus!

Megha Parikh is a Digital Strategist and having 6+ years of experience in the field of Internet Marketing. She especially enjoys learning about social media marketing and conversion rate optimization while exploring her social and interpersonal skills.


  1. SSL plays a major role in security and protection of a website/blog. After reading this article there is no need to more researche for SSL. Thanks a lot to Megha ma’am for this in depth guide. Every thing is described very well in a proper manner.

    ~ Regards Sameer.

    • There is no doubt about it. 2017 is the year of HTTPS and SSL for websites as HTTPS Required for Collecting Sensitive Information in Chrome as of January 2017.

  2. Hi Megha,
    Very informative post indeed 🙂
    I am loving it. SSL certificates are important for rankings as well.
    Gonna share with my Twitter audience, now 🙂
    ~ Ahmad


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here